Motorized individual transport is still the dominant form of mobility in the district of bamberg. And it will probably remain so even if the intermodal mobilitatskonzept is fully implemented. But it can be made more humane and environmentally friendly. This is also part of the concept.
The extent to which the district of bamberg is affected by individual transport is already shown by the inventory for the mobility concept. According to the report, the number of motor vehicles is 876 per 1,000 inhabitants (as of 31 december 2009). December 2015) significantly above the national average of 661. Even if you compare the district with similarly structured rural regions, the number of cars here is above average. And without commercial vehicles, there are still 668 cars per 1000 inhabitants in the district, a good 100 more than the german average.
More cars than inhabitants
In five county municipalities, there are even more motor vehicles registered than inhabitants. They are the jura communities wattendorf, konigsfeld and stadelhofen, followed by burgwindheim and lauter. So places, mostly on the outskirts of the district, that are only poorly to poorly connected to local public transportation. "Due to the dispersed settlement structure of the rural district, the car is used for many journeys, also because of the lack of reliable mobility alternatives", frank busch, head of the commissioned office plan-mobil, states the following in the mobility report. In the city of bamberg, on the other hand, the vehicle density is much lower at 647 vehicles per 1000 inhabitants. And communities near the city with city bus connections such as bischberg, memmelsdorf, gundelsheim and stegaurach rank at the bottom of the county statistics with less than 800 vehicles per 1000 inhabitants. The discussion as to whether the patchy opnv supply is causing the high vehicle stock or whether the rough number of available vehicles is narrowing the demand for bus services is mubig.
The intermodal mobility concept relies, among other things, on various forms of electromobility to strengthen the transition from motorized individual transport to local public transport. On the one hand, there is the expansion of car sharing, especially e-car sharing, which has been tested for about a year as a pilot project in the district of bamberg. The other is the demand for electrozweiradern, through which the road traffic on overloaded commuter routes can be eased. A prerequisite for both forms of mobility to become more attractive is the further expansion of the charging infrastructure, where the district is already in a relatively good position.
"Consolidation and expansion of e-car sharing", is one of the guidelines for action from the mobility concept. It is to be expanded from the 14 participating municipalities so far to all 36 county municipalities. The working title is "flexcar – analogous to "flexbus – as part of a "unified brand of mobility services in the bamberg district".
At present, the e-car sharing scheme launched in may 2017 has been decided until spring 2019, but "the signals are there that it could be continued", says robert martin, climate protection officer of the county and initiator of the project. In what form, however, has yet to be clarified. Because it will hardly be possible for the municipalities to act as car rental companies on a permanent basis. Some municipalities have already been deterred by the administrative hiatus. "One possibility could be the regional plants as operators", martin, who will take over the co-management there this june, hints at something positive as well. But how e-car sharing can be modified, adapted and expanded is currently completely open – and ultimately a political decision, he said.
For fast electric veins there has been a demand program of the county since september 2017. For the purchase of an electric scooter, e-bike or pedelec with a maximum permissible speed of 45 km/h, there is a subsidy of up to 300 euros. The program, which is capped at two years and 20,000 euros, has hardly been used so far. According to martin, only eight applications have been submitted so far. He hopes, however, that this will change with the spring. So there is still room to increase everyday cycling in the implementation of the mobility concept .Catching up.